The Aboriginal territorial rights were first guaranteed in which year?


The term “Indian” refers to:

All the aboriginal people who are not Inuit or Métis

The three main groups of aboriginal peoples are?

First Nations, Métis and Inuit

The word “Inuit” means?

The people

When the first Europeans explored Canada, they found the native people living:

Off the land, some by hunting and gathering, others by raising crops

The first 200 years of coexistence, the Aboriginals and Europeans formed what type of bond?

Economic, religious, and military

The arrival of European traders, missionaries, soldiers, and colonists in Canada changed the way of life of the natives forever.


More than half the population of the Northwest Territories is Aboriginal, mostly?

Dene, Inuit and Métis

Mention the famous Canadian artist that painted the forests and Aboriginal artifacts of the West Coast?

Emily Carr

What is Canada’s most popular spectator sport and is considered to be the national winter sport?

Ice Hockey

What was the “Group of Seven”?

Seven visual artists of Canadian origin who developed a unique style of painting in the 1920s

When was ice hockey developed in Canada?

In the 1800s

Which animal was adopted centuries ago as an official symbol of the Hudson’s Bay Company?

The beaver

Our loyalty goes to the Sovereign (King or Queen) in Canada.


In which country was The Great Charter of Freedoms signed?


Who is portrayed on the Canadian $5 bill?

Sir Wilfrid Laurier

What is Canada’s national capital?


What is the capital of Saskatchewan?


Ottawa was chosen as the capital of Canada in which year?


Who chose Ottawa to be the capital of Canada?

Queen Victoria

What is the capital of Newfoundland and Labrador?

St. John’s

What is the capital of Prince Edward Island?


What is the capital of Nova Scotia?


What is the capital of New Brunswick?


What is the capital of Quebec?

Quebec City

What is the capital of Ontario?


What is the capital of Manitoba?


What is the capital of Alberta?


What is the capital of British Columbia?


What is the Capital City of Nunavut?


What is the capital of the Northwest Territories?


What is the capital of Yukon Territory?


Canada’s modern energy industry started in 1947 with?

The discovery of oil in Alberta

Canadians enjoy one of the world’s highest standards of living because of:

They work hard and trade with other nations

Canada began free trade with the United States and Mexico in which years?

1988 and 1994

Canada’s has one of the ten largest economies in the world.


Canada’s economy includes three main types of industries:

Service, manufacturing and natural resources

What is the G8?

A group of leading industrialized countries

Who have the biggest bilateral trading relationship in the world?

Canada and USA

What Manitoba’s economy based on?

Agriculture, mining and hydroelectric power generation

You have the responsibility to vote in which elections as a Canadian citizen?

Federal, provincial or territorial and local elections

Canadians vote for whom in a federal election?

For the people they want to represent them in the House of Commons

Federal elections must be held?

Every four years, following the most recent general election

What gives a Canadian citizen the right to run for election?

Be 18 years or older

Who has the right to vote in a federal election or cast a ballot in a federal referendum?

A Canadian citizen, at least 18 years old on voting day and on the voters’ list

What information is contained in the electoral card?

When and where to vote and the number to call if an interpreter or other special services are required

Vote on a secret ballot is?

A right

A vote by secret ballot means that?

No one can watch you vote and no one should look at how you voted

How are election results announced in Canada?

On the radio, television, and in the newspapers

The other parties that are not in power are known as?

Opposition parties

The opposition parties have two major roles:

To peacefully oppose or try to improve government proposals

In which year were most Canadian female citizens, aged 21 and above, granted the right to vote in federal elections?


Canada has three founding people, they are?

Aboriginal, French, and British

Which province was founded by the United Empire Loyalists?

New Brunswick

Which groups are the ancestors of the Acadians?

French colonists who settled in 1604 in the region now known as the Maritime Provinces

The European exploration began in Canada with whose expedition?

John Cabot

In which year did European exploration begin in Canada?


The name “Canada” began appearing on maps in which year?

By the 1550s

The name of Canada comes from?

From the Iroquoian word “Kanata”, meaning “village”

What are the regions of Canada?

The Atlantic Provinces, Central Canada, The Prairie Provinces, The West Coast and The Northern Territories

Canada is divided into provinces and territories, how many?

Ten provinces and three territories

What is the population of Canada?

About 34 million people

What is the most easterly point in North America?

Newfoundland and Labrador

What is Canada’s smallest province?

Prince Edward Island

What is most populous Atlantic Province?

Nova Scotia

How many people live in Quebec?

Nearly 8 million

How many people live in Ontario?

More than 12 million

What is the most populous Prairie province?


How many people live in British Columbia?

Four million

Which province has its own time zone?

Newfoundland and Labrador

The world’s highest tides can be found in which part of Canada?

Nova Scotia

The Great Lakes are located where?

Between the United States and Ontario

The Queen of Canada is?

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second

Which form of government does Canada have?

Constitutional monarchy

What are the three key facts about Canada’s system of government?

Canada is a federal state, a parliamentary democracy, and a constitutional monarchy

The responsibilities of the federal and provincial governments are defined in which Act?

The Constitution Act, 1867

What is the shared jurisdiction of the federal and provincial governments?

Immigration, Agriculture and Environment

The federal government is responsible for?

Interprovincial trade and Communications

Which of the following is the responsibility of the provincial government?

Education, healthcare, natural resources, highways, property and civil rights

The Canadian Parliament has three parts:

Sovereign, Senate, and House of Commons

What is the “House of Commons”?

The representative chamber made up of members of Parliament elected by people

The House of Commons and the Senate consider the proposal for new laws as?

Proposals for new laws

What does “responsible government” mean?

In order to govern, the ministers of the Crown must be supported by the majority of the elected representatives

Which was the first British North American colony to attain full responsible government?

Nova Scotia

Canadian law has several sources, name 2:

English common law, civil code of France

“Habeas corpus” is?

The right to challenge unlawful detention by the state

The equality of women and men in Canada means:

Women and men are equal under the law

Where is the right to apply for a passport included?

Mobility Rights

Common elements and a basic standard of coverage are ensured by?

The Canada Health Act

In the Canadian justice system, “everyone is innocent until proven guilty” came from?

Presumption of innocence

Canada is governed by an organized system of laws. These laws are?

The written rules intended to guide people in our society

Which is Canada’s highest court?

The Supreme Court

What is the purpose of the provincial courts?

Lesser offences, family courts, traffic courts and small claims courts for civil cases involving small sums of money

You can question the police about their service or conduct if you feel you need to?


What is known as the “right to challenge unlawful detention by the state”?

Habeas corpus

What are “Mobility rights”?

Canadians can work and live wherever they choose in Canada, enter/leave Canada freely, and request a passport

To become a Canadian citizen, it is required that you:

Demonstrate an adequate knowledge of English or French

The two official Canadian languages are?

English and French

The only officially bilingual province is?

New Brunswick

English and French do not have equal status throughout the government and in Parliament.


The British Parliament abolished slavery throughout the Empire, in?


Upper Canada became the first province in the British Empire to abolish slavery, led by which Lieutenant Governor?

John Graves Simcoe

Which province in the British Empire was the first to put an end to slavery?

Upper Canada

Mary Ann Shadd Carey is remembered for which accomplishments?

The first woman publisher in Canada and an anti-slavery activist

The battle between France and Great Britain for control of North America was in?

By the 1700s

The end of France’s empire in America was marked by a battle, which was?

The British defeated the French in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham at Québec City

The United States launch an invasion on Canada, in?

June 1812

After the First World War, Canada adopted a national motto, “A mari usque ad mare”, which in Latin means:

“From sea to sea”